The European Union was born on 25 March 1957, when Germany, France, Italy, Belgium, Holland and Luxembourg signed the Treaty Establishing the European Economic Community, more commonly known as the Treaty of Rome. These were the times of the Cold War, the clash of the Titans between democratic countries led by the USA, and the bloc of Communist nations grouped around the Soviet Union. Europe needed to find her own voice and face up to the threatening global climate of tension and division. This could only be achieved through unity. Year by year, treaty by treaty, the EU grew to 28 members and came to be a driving force admired by all, not just economically but for its spirit of freedom, cooperation, security and social welfare. However, after half a century of existence, the process of European construction has stalled.
On 25 May next, new European elections will take place. But Europe has lost its magic. The economic crisis has affected even the strongest countries, the welfare state is being gradually undermined, and the desire for unity, once indispensable, is faltering. Is this simply an economic crisis or an existential one too? Should we try to recuperate and solidify our native European values or has the time come to move towards the possible creation of a United States of Europe?
Once again, Quorum offers the transversal opinions of our academic experts. Voices from different areas of knowledge provide us with an expansive view on the path ahead of Europe, and assess whether there is still reason to be hopeful. And, of course, we would also like to hear your opinion. That’s what this Quorum is for.